How to Treat Bunions

A bunion signifies a structural bone disorder within the foot. You may notice a bunion if there is a bump at the base of the big toe, or a “tailor’s bunion” if there is a bump at the bottom of the little toe. There are many ways to alleviate the symptoms of bunions without curing the condition. These include wearing appropriately fitted shoes, using shoe inserts, and avoiding activities that increase the pain. For a more comprehensive treatment option, you could take pain-relieving medication or receive cortisone injections. If this condition is causing pain and discomfort for the majority of the day, patients may consider surgery for permanent removal of the bunion. If you believe you may have a bunion, it is advised that you contact a podiatrist who can offer correct treatment options.

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<!–>If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • <!––><!––>Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • <!––><!––>Inflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • <!––>Redness and inflammation
  • <!––>Pain and tenderness
  • <!––>Callus or corns on the bump
  • <!––><!––>Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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What Are Bunions?

Bunions are large bony bumps at the base of the big toe. Medically known as hallux valgus, a bunion is a misalignment of the metatarsophalangeal joint, or big toe joint. The misalignment will generally worsen with time if left untreated.

The exact cause of bunions is unknown, with genetics seen as a potential cause. High heels and poorly-fitted footwear, rheumatoid arthritis, and heredity all seem to be potential factors behind the exacerbation of bunions. Women have been found to be more likely to develop bunions in comparison to men.

Bunions do not always produce symptoms. The best way to tell is if the big toe is pushing up against the next toe and there is a large protrusion at the base of the big toe. You may or may not feel pain. Redness, swelling, and restricted movement of the big toe may be present as well.

Podiatrists use a variety of methods to diagnose bunions. If there are symptoms present, podiatrists will first consider that it is a bunion. If not, a physical examination will be conducted to check function of the big toe. Finally, an X-ray may be taken to view the extent of the bunion and confirm it is a bunion.

Typically, nonsurgical methods are used to treat bunions, unless the bunion has become too misaligned. Orthotics, icing and resting the foot, roomier and better fitted shoes, taping the foot, and pain medication are usually utilized first. If the bunion doesn’t go away or causes extreme pain, surgery may be required. Surgeons will either remove part of the swollen tissue or bone to straighten the toe out.

If you have a bunion, it is recommended to see a podiatrist. The longer it is left untreated, the worse it may get. Podiatrists can properly diagnose and treat a bunion before it gets worse.


Shockwave Therapy: Solution for Chronic Pain

Shockwave therapy is a non-surgical therapy that treats intense pain, speeds up recovery time and avoids the stigma that a surgical procedure would present. It is a heavily utilized tool in the fields of physiotherapy, urology, and sports and veterinary medicine.  A shockwave is an acoustic wave that brings high energy to painful spots and tissues in the body that exhibit subacute, subchronic and chronic conditions. This energy induces regenerative and reparative processes onto these ailing soft tissues, tendons and bones. The shockwave in this therapy repairs tissue and initiates cell growth at an accelerated rate. Shockwave therapy is a three step process. First, the afflicted area is located by using palpation. Then, gel is applied to the area in order to ensure that the waves are efficiently transferred to that spot. Lastly, once the applicator that administers the shockwave is lightly pushed against the injury, the start button is pressed and the procedure begins. If you are experiencing any intense foot and ankle pain and would be interested in additional information regarding shockwave therapy, it is advised that you make an appointment to talk to your podiatrist.

Shockwave therapy is a treatment commonly used to treat various injuries and conditions, particularly plantar fasciitis in the feet. To learn more, consult with one of our podiatrists from Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Shockwave Therapy

Shockwave therapy is a new treatment option designed to treat bone conditions such as tennis elbow, shoulder pain, and others. Shockwave therapy uses high intensity sound waves that are directed to the affected tissues of the body with pinpoint accuracy. The effects are very beneficial, leading to a production of collagen fibers, eliminating inflammation.

Who Benefits from Shockwave?

Shockwave is recommended for patients suffering from heel pain and associated problems. Heel pain is a common condition which can be caused by obesity, overexertion, and spending a substantial amount of time on hard floors with your feet exposed and unsupported.

Fast and Easy

The therapy is actually a simple process that can leave patients feeling better the very next day. Shockwave therapy is not as dramatic as it sounds. It enables more blood flow to effected areas, addressing the source of the problem and allowing treatment to last for a long time.

Treatment & Recovery Time

Shockwave treatment will enable your feet to recover quickly. This is especially important since surgery is not required. It is cost effective and does not require the use of anesthesia. This treatment is a better option to surgery, since it is proven safe.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Preparing For Foot Surgery

If you are scheduled for any type of foot surgery, it is wise to prepare for an appropriate recovery period. Many patients find it beneficial to ask friends and family for a helping hand, in addition to having adequate amounts of food available prior to the surgery. It will help to have essential items as near to you as possible, as this may help in preventing unnecessary walking on the affected foot. Immediately following surgery, you will most likely experience swelling, and this may last for several days. The majority of the swelling will gradually diminish as the healing process occurs. If you would like additional information about how to prepare for an upcoming foot surgery, please consult with a podiatrist.

Foot surgery is sometimes necessary to treat a foot ailment. To learn more, contact one of our podiatrists of Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

When Is Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to alleviate the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary include:

  • Removing foot deformities like bunions and bone spurs
  • Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
  • Cosmetic reconstruction

What Types of Surgery Are There?

The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:

  • Bunionectomy for painful bunions
  • Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
  • Neuropathy decompression surgery to treat nerve damage

Benefits of Surgery

Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.

Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Possible Causes of Gout

A form of arthritis that is referred to as gout is known to produce considerable pain and discomfort. Patients who are afflicted with this condition often experience difficulty in walking and performing daily activities. It develops as a result of excess uric levels in the bloodstream, which cause crystals to form in the joints of the big toe. This ailment can happen for different reasons. Genetics may play a significant role in contributing to the onset of gout. Additionally, if foods that are high in purine levels are frequently eaten, the result may be a gout attack. These types of foods include shellfish, alcohol, and red meat. If you have developed gout, it is suggested to consult with a podiatrist who can begin the correct treatment for you.

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Causes of Flat Feet

The medical condition that is referred to as flat feet occurs when the arch is missing from the foot. Most babies are born with flat feet, and the arch typically develops in the first few years of life. Some patients have flat feet as an adult, which can occur as a result of illness or injuries. Some of the symptoms that are associated with this condition include pain while standing for extended periods of time, in addition to an achy feeling in the ankles. Treatment of flat feet may begin with wearing orthotics in your shoes that can provide additional support. Pain and discomfort may be reduced when a healthy lifestyle is implemented. This can include losing excess weight, which may put pressure on the feet, in addition to performing a gentle exercise routine. If you have questions about flat feet, it is suggested that you speak to a podiatrist who can properly treat this condition.

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms

  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Flatfoot

Flatfoot is a foot disorder that is not as straightforward as many people believe.  Various types of flatfoot exist, each with their own varying deformities and symptoms.  The partial or total collapse of the arch, however, is a characteristic common to all types of flatfoot.  Other signs of flatfoot include:

  • “Toe drift,” or the pointing outward of the toes and the front part of the foot
  • The tilting outward of the heel and the tilting inward of the ankle
  • The lifting of the heel off the ground earlier when walking due to a tight Achilles tendon
  • Hammertoes
  • Bunions

One of the most common types of flatfoot is flexible flatfoot.  This variation usually starts in childhood and progresses as one ages into adulthood.  Flexible flatfoot presents as a foot that is flat when standing, or weight-bearing.  When not standing, the arch returns.  Symptoms of flexible flatfoot include:

  • Pain located in the heel, arch, ankle, or along the outside of the foot
  • Overpronation, or an ankle that rolls in
  • Shin splint, or pain along the shin bone
  • General foot aches or fatigue
  • Pain located in the lower back, hip, or knee

Your podiatrist will most likely diagnose flatfoot by examining your feet when you stand and sit.  X-rays may be taken to define the severity and help determine the treatment option best for your condition.  Nonsurgical treatments can include activity modification, weight loss, orthotics, immobilization, medications, physical therapy, shoe modifications, and ankle foot orthoses (AFO) devices.  If nonsurgical methods prove ineffective, surgery may be considered.  Multiple surgical procedures can correct flatfoot; and depending on your specific condition, one may be selected alone or combined with other techniques to ensure optimal results.


Causes of Cracked Heels

Many patients suffer from a condition that is known as cracked heels. It is the name given to dry skin that develops on the heel of the foot, and cracks or fissures will often form that causes pain and discomfort. This condition can gradually develop from standing for extended periods of time for the majority of the day, or from wearing shoes that have an open back. Additionally, research has indicated that obesity plays a significant role in the formation of cracked heels. This is often a result of the added weight the heels must endure. Existing medical conditions such as diabetes and thyroid disorders may contribute to this condition, which causes dry skin that often accompanies these ailments. Mild relief is found when applying a moisturizer to the affected area. In severe cases where bleeding and the possibility of an infection exists, it is suggested to consult with a podiatrist who can properly treat cracked heels.

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<!–><!––><!––>If the skin on your feet starts to crack, you may want to see a podiatrist to find treatment. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists from Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

It is important to moisturize your cracked heels in order to prevent pain, bleeding, and infection. The reason cracked heels form is because the skin on the foot is too dry to support the immense pressure placed on them. When the foot expands, the dry skin on the foot begins to split.

Ways to Help Heal Them

  • <!––><!––>Invest in a good foot cream
  • <!––><!––>Try Using Petroleum Jelly
  • <!––>Ease up on Soaps
  • <!––><!––>Drink Plenty of Water

Ways to Prevent Cracked Heels

  • <!––>Moisturize After Showering
  • <!––>Skip a Shower
  • <!––>Keep Shower Water Lukewarm
  • <!––><!––>Don’t Scrub Your Feet

If you are unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels, seek guidance from a podiatrist. Your doctor will help you with any questions or information you may need. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Solutions for Cracked Heels

Cracked heels may make you want to think twice about showing off your feet in warmer weather. However, cracked heels may be harmful to more than just the appearance of your feet. If deep fissures and cracks develop in your heels, they may make walking and standing painful for you. Additionally, these openings make way for germs to enter through your skin and cause infection.

There are several different causes of cracked heels. One of the most common reasons for this ailment is dry skin. This problem may make your keeps feel rough tight and itchy. Dry skin may be caused by cold air, extremely hot water, harsh soaps, and aging. Skin disorders such as eczema and psoriasis may eventually lead to dry skin. In some cases, complications may arise from cracked heels. Some of these complications are a loss of feeling in the heel, cellulitis, or a diabetic foot ulcer.

There are ways you can try to prevent getting cracked heels. One of the best ways to do so is to avoid wearing flip flops and sandals because these shoes increase your risk of drying out your feet. You should also avoid wearing shoes with a tall skinny heel, because these shoes cause your heel to expand sideways. At night, you should slather on a thick moisturizing cream on your feet and then cover them in socks to keep your feet moisturized overnight. Drinking water to stay hydrated is also a good way to ensure that your skin doesn’t become dry.

If you suffer from a severe case of cracked feet, you should make an appointment with your podiatrist to see what treatment methods are best for you.


What Are the Symptoms of Athlete’s Foot?

If you notice an uncomfortable rash on your foot, you may have a condition that is known as athlete’s foot. Symptoms of this ailment include a burning sensation between the toes or on the soles of the feet, in addition to dry and flaky skin. In severe cases, blisters can form. It is known to be contagious, and it is important to take precautions, which can help to prevent this condition. These include wearing appropriate shoes while in public pools, shower room floors, and surrounding areas. Additionally, it is helpful to alternate shoes that are frequently worn, and ensuring clean tools are used while pedicures are performed. It is beneficial to wear cotton socks, which is advantageous in absorbing any moisture the feet produces. If you notice you have this condition, it is suggested that you speak to a podiatrist who can offer proper treatment options.

Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily reduced with the proper treatment. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact one of our podiatrists from Footcare 2 You, Inc.  Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story

Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.

Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot

  • Hydrate your feet by using lotion
  • Exfoliate
  • Buff off nails
  • Use of anti-fungal products
  • Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop

Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning, and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, Athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speak to your podiatrist for a better understanding of the different causes of Athlete’s foot, as well as help in determining which treatment options are best for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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