What to Look For in Properly Fitted Shoes

The feet typically endure years of wear and tear, and practicing good foot care will aid the feet in feeling comfortable. One of the ways this can be accomplished is to learn how to properly measure your feet so the correct size shoes can be chosen. Research has shown the feet are typically largest at the end the day, making it the optimum time to try shoes on. Additionally, it’s beneficial to try both shoes on to ensure a proper fit, because one foot is generally larger than the other. The shoes should feel good when initially tried on, and should not be expected to stretch out to feel it’s best. When the shoes are constructed of a soft material, possible skin irritations may be avoided. If you would like additional information about how to choose shoes that properly fit your feet, please seek the advice of a podiatrist.

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<!–><!––><!––>It is important to find shoes that fit you properly in order to avoid a variety of different foot problems. For more information about treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

Shoes have many different functions. They cushion our body weight, protect our feet, and allow us to safely play sports. You should always make sure that the shoes you wear fit you properly in order to avoid injuries and deformities such as: bunions, corns, calluses, hammertoes, plantar fasciitis, stress fractures, and more. It is important to note that although a certain pair of shoes might be a great fit for someone else, that doesn’t mean they will be a great fit for you. This is why you should always try on shoes before buying them to make sure they are worth the investment. Typically, shoes need to be replaced ever six months to one year of regular use.

Tips for Proper Shoe Fitting

  • <!––>Select a shoe that is shaped like your foot
  • <!––>Don’t buy shoes that fit too tight, expecting them to stretch to fit
  • <!––><!––>Make sure there is enough space (3/8” to ½”) for your longest toe at the end of each shoe when you are standing up
  • <!––><!––>Walk in the shoes to make sure they fit and feel right
  • <!––>Don’t select shoes by the size marked inside the shoe, but by how the shoe fits your foot

The shoes you buy should always feel as good as they look. Shoes that fit properly will last longer, feel better, and improve your way of life each day.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Causes of Ingrown Toenails

Onychocryptosis is another name for a condition known as ingrown toenails. It’s a painful ailment that is typically the result of the toenail growing into the skin. There are several causes for ingrown toenails including a genetic trait in which the toenails are too large for the nail bed, frequent running, or improper trimming of the nails. Additionally, an abnormal growth pattern may develop as a result of a fungal infection that may damage the root of the nail. This condition is easily identified by noticing any pain, tenderness, or swelling around the affected nail, and research has shown that proper treatment should begin as soon as possible. It may be beneficial to soak the foot in warm soapy water followed by applying a bandage to the affected toe. It’s suggested to consult with a podiatrist who can properly trim or remove the affected nail if a permanent solution is needed.  

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<!–><!––><!––>Ingrown toenails may initially present themselves as a minor discomfort, but they may progress into an infection in the skin without proper treatment. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact one of our podiatrists of Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails are caused when the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh surrounding it. They often result in redness, swelling, pain, and in some cases, infection. This condition typically affects the big toe and may recur if it is not treated properly.

Causes

  • <!––><!––>Improper toenail trimming
  • <!––><!––>Genetics
  • <!––><!––>Improper shoe fitting
  • <!––><!––>Injury from pedicures or nail picking
  • <!––><!––>Abnormal gait
  • <!––><!––>Poor hygiene

You are more likely to develop an ingrown toenail if you are obese, have diabetes, arthritis, or have any fungal infection in your nails. Additionally, people who have foot or toe deformities are at a higher risk of developing an ingrown toenail.

Symptoms

Some symptoms of ingrown toenails are redness, swelling, and pain. In rare cases, there may be a yellowish drainage coming from the nail.

Treatment

Ignoring an ingrown toenail can have serious complications. Infections of the nail border can progress to a deeper soft-tissue infection, which can then turn into a bone infection. You should always speak with your podiatrist if you suspect you have an ingrown toenail, especially if you have diabetes or poor circulation.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Myths Associated with Gout

Gout is the result of crystals that form in the joints because of excess uric acid in the blood. Over the years, this type of arthritis has had many myths associated with it. It was often thought to be a condition that wealthy people who can afford to overindulge in rich foods may be afflicted with. This has been proven to be untrue because this condition may affect people of different income levels. Recent research has shown that it may be related to genetics in addition to elevated blood pressure or contending with weight issues which may raise cholesterol. An additional myth is gout only affects the big toe. While this is the toe that is typically afflicted, the crystals may form in other parts of the body. Many people are under the assumption that once you have gout, you’ll always be susceptible to this ailment. It has been proven that with proper dietary and lifestyle changes, gout attacks may considerably diminish and may even cease completely. If you are experiencing any symptoms related to gout, or have any questions, a consultation with a podiatrist is advised.

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.

Symptoms

  • <!––>Intense Joint Pain – Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • <!––><!––>Lingering Discomfort – Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • <!––><!––>Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • <!––>Limited Range of Motion – May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • <!––>Genetics – If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • <!––><!––>Medications – Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • <!––>Gender/Age – Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • <!––>Diet – Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • <!––>Alcohol – Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • <!––>Obesity – Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms–including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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The Difference Between An Ankle Strain and Sprain

There are many similar symptoms between ankle sprains and ankle strains. These may include the patient experiencing swelling and pain in and around the ankle in addition to the foot showing signs of instability. The differences may often be indicated by the location of the pain. People who experience ankle sprains may often notice bruising, limited mobility in the foot and may hear a popping noise as the injury occurs. An ankle strain may be the result of overusing the muscles and tendons in the ankle, and it may occur while participating in sports that involve running and jumping. If you have incurred an ankle injury, you may want to consider speaking with a podiatrist who can properly diagnosis and treat ankle pain.

Foot and ankle trauma is common among athletes and the elderly. If you have concerns that you may have experienced trauma to the foot and ankle, consult with one of our podiatrists from Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Foot and ankle trauma cover a range of injuries all over the foot; common injuries include:

  • Broken bones
  • Muscle strains
  • Injuries to the tendons and ligaments
  • Stress fractures

Symptoms

Symptoms of foot and ankle injuries vary depending on the injury, but more common ones include:

  • Bruising
  • Inflammation/ Swelling
  • Pain

Diagnosis

To properly diagnose the exact type of injury, podiatrists will conduct a number of different tests. Some of these include sensation and visual tests, X-rays, and MRIs. Medical and family histories will also be taken into account.

Treatment

Once the injury has been diagnosed, the podiatrist can than offer the best treatment options for you. In less severe cases, rest and keeping pressure off the foot may be all that’s necessary. Orthotics, such as a specially made shoes, or immobilization devices, like splints or casts, may be deemed necessary. Finally, if the injury is severe enough, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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How Exercises for Your Feet Can Help Your Day At Work

The feet are considered to be the foundation of the body. If standing for most of the day is required for your type of employment, it’s vital to learn how to care for your feet. Research has shown that it’s wise to alternate between sitting and standing, as this may allow the feet to maintain proper circulation. It’s important to choose shoes made of a sturdy material, which may allow adequate support for the ankles and feet. Our posture is often determined by the condition and strength of our feet, and implementing proper stretches can be of great benefit. There are several exercises that can improve the strength of the feet, including rolling a tennis ball under the foot, which may stretch the sole of the foot, and rotating the ankles, which improves overall strength. Additionally, using a towel to gently pull the foot toward you is beneficial in stretching the entire foot. Please speak to a podiatrist for additional information about how proper foot exercise can benefit your work day.

While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Working on Your Feet

Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.

Positive Changes

Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.

Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.

Eliminate Pain

Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.

Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen. 

With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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White Sox Prospect Tears Achilles Tendon

Jake Burger, who is the top third base prospect for the Chicago White Sox, recently tore his Achilles tendon. This is the second time he has suffered this injury, and it occurred while he was in recovery from his first tear. In regards to the injury, White Sox general manager Rick Hahn states, “Unfortunately for Jake, we are back to square one.” Burger suffered the second tear while at his home in Arizona; he was walking around in his backyard when he unfortunately felt a pop. Hahn mentioned that “nothing could have been done to prevent this, much like the first one.”  

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Causes and Symptoms of Bunions

As a bunion develops, there is generally minimal discomfort that is experienced. The bony growth that appears on the bottom of the big toe will grow in size, and the amount of pain encountered will often increase in relation to the size of the bunion. High heels can often exacerbate an existing bunion because they limit the room toes have to move freely around. The toes are forced to endure pressure, causing the joint under the big toe to shift outward. Additional causes of bunions may include trauma and injuries the foot may have encountered or a predisposed inherited gene that may have affected the structure of the foot. Wearing appropriate footwear can help increase comfort and reduce pain that may be felt, while also allowing for ample toe room. If you suspect that you have a bunion, see a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment options. 

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<!–>If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • <!––><!––>Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • <!––><!––>Inflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • <!––>Redness and inflammation
  • <!––>Pain and tenderness
  • <!––>Callus or corns on the bump
  • <!––><!––>Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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The Importance of Proper Foot Care

The feet are considered to be the foundation of the body, so it's important to learn about proper foot care. Research has shown that the overall health of the body is affected when the feet are taken for granted, and this can easily be avoided with correct foot care knowledge. Washing the feet, thoroughly drying, especially in between the toes, and following with a moisturizer will aid in softening the skin. It’s beneficial to alternate between shoes, which will allow each pair to have adequate time to air out. This can prevent fungus and bacteria from invading the shoes, which may be linked to athlete's foot. Certain foot conditions may be prevented by wearing shoes that are comfortable, including hammertoe, bunions, or corns. Shoes with little or no support, such as flip-flops, are suggested to be avoided, which can aid in helping to maintain support in the arch of the foot. Please consider scheduling a consultation with a podiatrist for additional information about proper foot care.

Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists from Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.

It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Why Are My Feet Swollen During My Pregnancy?

Pregnancy can create certain health conditions, and this may be apparent in the feet. Hormonal changes can be responsible for softening ligaments in the body, and the feet are often affected. Becoming flat-footed may be a result of these changes, in addition to shoes increasing in size. The feet must endure the additional weight that develops; any may contribute to the onset of heel pain. The feet may swell, which is a result of excess fluids in the body.  This can possibly be managed by limiting the amount of time standing. Additionally, it is important to drink plenty of fresh water daily, and this will help to flush out some of the fluid that has accumulated in the feet.  If heel pain due to pregnancy has affected your daily routine, please consider consulting with a podiatrist.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with one of our podiatrists from Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What Foot Problems Can Arise During Pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How Can I Keep My Feet Healthy During Pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Why Are Foot Stretches Important?

The importance of properly stretching the feet aids in the body’s ability to maintain balance. Additional benefits include developing flexibility and limber muscles, which can possibly help one avoid Achilles tendon injuries and heel pain. As the feet become stronger, the likelihood of pain in the arches and tears in the tendons will diminish. Pointing and flexing the feet is a simple yet effective stretch for the entire foot, which allows the ankles to strengthen. When pointing your toes, it’s suggested to strive for a feeling of the top of the arch becoming longer, which results in toe movement from the muscles that are stretched under the arch. If you would like additional information about the importance of proper foot stretches and techniques, please schedule a consultation with a podiatrist.

Stretching the feet is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns with your feet consult with one of our podiatrists from Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Stretching the Feet

Stretching the muscles in the foot is an important part in any physical activity. Feet that are tight can lead to less flexibility and make you more prone to injury. One of the most common forms of foot pain, plantar fasciitis, can be stretched out to help ease the pain. Stretching can not only ease pain from plantar fasciitis but also prevent it as well. However, it is important to see a podiatrist first if stretching is right for you. Podiatrists can also recommend other ways to stretch your feet. Once you know whether stretching is right for you, here are some excellent stretches you can do.

  • Using a foam roller or any cylindrical object (a water bottle or soda can will do), roll the object under your foot back and forth. You should also exert pressure on the object. Be sure to do this to both feet for a minute. Do this exercise three times each.
  • Similar to the previous one, take a ball, such as a tennis ball, and roll it under your foot while seated and exert pressure on it.
  • Grab a resistance band or towel and take a seat. If you are using a towel, fold it length wise. Next put either one between the ball of your foot and heel and pull with both hands on each side towards you. Hold this for 15 seconds and then switch feet. Do this three times for each foot.
  • Finally hold your big toe while crossing one leg over the other. Pull the toe towards you and hold for 15 seconds. Once again do this three times per foot.

It is best to go easy when first stretching your foot and work your way up. If your foot starts hurting, stop exercising and ice and rest the foot. It is advised to then see a podiatrist for help.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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