A bunion signifies a structural bone disorder within the foot. You may notice a bunion if there is a bump at the base of the big toe, or a “tailor’s bunion” if there is a bump at the bottom of the little toe. There are many ways to alleviate the symptoms of bunions without curing the condition. These include wearing appropriately fitted shoes, using shoe inserts, and avoiding activities that increase the pain. For a more comprehensive treatment option, you could take pain-relieving medication or receive cortisone injections. If this condition is causing pain and discomfort for the majority of the day, patients may consider surgery for permanent removal of the bunion. If you believe you may have a bunion, it is advised that you contact a podiatrist who can offer correct treatment options.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- <!––><!––>Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- <!––><!––>Inflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- <!––>Redness and inflammation
- <!––>Pain and tenderness
- <!––>Callus or corns on the bump
- <!––><!––>Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.